History

登録日:2006年3月20日
For inquiries: Secretarial/ Public Relations Division, Planning Department

Six municipalities: Makino Town, Imazu Town, Kutsuki Village, Adogawa Town,
Takashima Town, and Shin-asahi Town, grouped as “Takashima Gun” have merged together
on the 1st of January 2005, and made a new start as “Takashima City.”

“Takashima Gun” was originally formed about 1,300 years ago following the
nation wide place-name reform in 701 by which the current Shiga Prefecture was
named “Omi.” At that time, the land readjustment was also performed and
Japan’s original land division system was established



In Takashima City, there are several ruins that are supposed to be
the local government office in that period.

Since ancient times, this area has flourished as an important traffic point. National Route 161
that runs along Lake Biwa was called “Hokurikudo” in the ancient time, “Nishi-omiji” or
“Hokkoku-kaido” in the middle and the modern ages. It was fully utilized as a main artery
that connects Hokuriku region, the central part of Honsyu facing the Sea of Japan,
and Kyoto/Nara region where the capital used to be. National Route 367 that goes through
the mountainous area of Kutsuki district is known as the shortest way from Hokuriku region to
Kyoto. National Route 303 running from Imazu district to the west has served as a highway
connecting Wakasa Obama district in Fukui Prefecture and Lake Biwa. A part of National Route 161,
a pass over the mountain from Makino district to the north, also served as a highway connecting
Echizen-Tsuruga district in Fukui Prefecture and Lake Biwa.



As there are some navigable rivers such as the Ado River and the Isida River,
timbers cut down in the western mountains were transported down the lake,
then to Kyoto/Osaka area by boat.

For such a long time, “Takashima Gun” has played various roles in relation to the roads
and the rivers. Finally, though, the time to put a period to the 1,300 years of its tradition
had come on the 31st of December 2004, and “Takashima Gun”
was taken over by the newly born Takashima City.



お問合せ先:For inquiries: Secretarial/ Public Relations Division, Planning Department
TEL :+81-(0)740-25-8130
FAX番号:+81-(0)740-25-8101
MAIL :koho@city.takashima.shiga.jp
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